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The Suzuki Samurai: History, Generations, Models

Suzuki Samurai Essential History The Roots of the Samurai

The Samurai was the first four-wheeled vehicle Suzuki sold in the U.S ., but its history begins practically 20 years before the plucky little 4×4 stimulated its style across the Pacific. In 1968, Japan’s Hope Motor Company introduced a small kei-class 4×4 with a 359 cc Mitsubishi engine called the ON3 60. Suzuki bought Hope and developed the ON360 into the 1970 LJ10( “Light Jeep” ), also known as the Jimny.

Suzuki introduced the second-generation Jimny in 1981, and in 1985 it began exporting the Jimny to the U.S. as a 1986 simulate. Badged as the Samurai, the U.S. version had a carbureted 1.3 -liter overhead-cam four-cylinder delivering 63 horsepower and 74 -lb-ft of torque. It was noisy and slow–MotorTrend clocked it to 60 mph in 16.9 seconds, with a quarter-mile time of 20.47 seconds at 64.5 mph–but good fun around township, and off-road it was nearly unstoppable, with its primary limitation being its street-spec tires. Manual-locking front hubs were standard, with auto-lockers available as a dealer-installed option.

Suzuki Samurai Success

With a base rate of $6,550, the Suzuki Samurai was two-thirds of the price of the new-for-1 987 Jeep Wrangler. Aided by cute “Beep, beep, hi! ” commercials, it was an instant hit. Suzuki originally planned to import 1,200 Samurais per month in its first year, but wound up selling 47,000 for the year, making the Samurai the best first-year sales of any Japanese vehicle to that date. It took just more than a year and half for sale to hit the 100,000 score, and by mid-1 988 Americans were buying 8,000 Samurais per month.

Suzuki introduced an updated Samurai in 1988 as a “1 9881/2 ” model. Softer springs, revised shock absorbers, and a thicker front anti-roll bar helped to ease the Samurai’s rough journey, while a slightly shorter fifth-gear ratio improved freeway concert. Mindful of the Volkswagen Beetle’s success through revise rather than redesign, styling alters be restricted to a brand-new grille and wheels on the outside and new ascertains, steering wheel, and seats for the interior. That same time, Suzuki introduced the slightly larger 1989 Sidekick 4×4, also sold by General Motors as the Geo Tracker, to sell alongside the Samurai.

The Consumer Reports Samurai Rollover Debacle

But 1988 is gonna be the Samurai’s annus horribilis. A strong yen required Suzuki to raise the rate to $8,495, which cooled sales, but the effect of price was nothing compared to the Consumer Reports debacle. After individual employees of CR owner Consumers Union rolled a test car in normal driving, the popular publication dedicated the Samurai an “unacceptable” rating, saying it “easily rolls over in turns.” The company indicated reporters a video of the Samurai tipping onto outriggers fitted by CU in a 40 -mph crash-avoidance test and exhorted NHTSA to issue a recall. NHTSA refused.

Regardless, as a result of the CR report and its extensive media coverage, Samurai marketings plummeted, and Suzuki for the first time had to offer cash rebates to keep the Samurai selling. The little 4×4 became the butt of jokes: “Have you hear the 1989 Samurai? It has a sunroof on the floor.” Suzuki sued Consumers Union in 1996, alleging the problem occurred when the test was modified to induce a rollover, though Suzuki’s own internal correspondence uncovered concern about the Samurai’s propensity to tip. The lawsuit was settled out of court in 2004.

Samurai Dies Here, Lives Elsewhere

Despite those mortal wraps, the Suzuki Samurai soldiered on with few alters. The 1990 Samurai got throttle-body fuel injection, with a corresponding lump to 68 hp, and Suzuki offered a two-wheel-drive version between 1991 and 1993. The corporation removed the back seat after 1994, an stopgap route to conform to a requirement for rear-seat shoulder belts, which the Samurai lacked. The last-place simulate time for the Samurai in the U.S. was 1995.

Despite its extinction in the American market, the Suzuki Jimny carried on elsewhere. Suzuki introduced a third-generation example in 1998, and after a 20 -year run, the fourth-gen Jimny debuted in 2018; it remains on sale in all regions of the world to this day.

Suzuki Samurai Highlights

Suzuki was one of the first importers to recognize the importance of customization to American buyers. Before the Samurai went on sale in 1985, Suzuki introduced a catalog full of accessories, which were to be displayed at the dealerships in a “personalization center”.

The Samurai’s success took Suzuki by surprise. The company had planned a slow rollout, setting up dealerships in California in November 1985, Florida and Georgia in December, and then staging a slow roll-out to other commonwealths during the next three years. But initial sales was just so strong that Suzuki rushed to expand its marketings network throughout the country.

The Samurai is one of the few vehicles offered for sale in the American market without an automatic transmission.

Though the Samurai came to the U.S. in 1985 as a 1986 example, exportations to Canada and Puerto Rico began earlier. Canadians likewise could buy a long-wheelbase version not available in the U.S.

In 2007, Chileans Gonzalo Bravo and Eduardo Canales set the record for the highest altitude achieved by a four-wheel vehicle when they drove their modified 1986 Suzuki Samurai up the Ojos del Salado volcano to an elevation of 21,942 paws. The previous record of 21,804 feet was may be determined by a Jeep Wrangler; the Jeep team left a sign that said “Jeep parking only–all others don’t make it up here, anyway.” Bravo and Canales brought the sign back down with them. A Unimog broke the record again in 2020 where reference is climbed 21,962 paws up the same volcano.

Suzuki Samurai Buying Tips

Thanks largely to its insanely-good off-road abilities, the Suzuki Samurai is now a prized collectible, though many instances have been modified, so obtaining one in as-delivered condition can be difficult. If possible, opt for a non-modified Samurai, as they are less likely to have been subjected to off-road abuse.

Buying a previously modified Samurai, on the other hand, can be a huge cost-saver compared to shaping the modifications yourself, but you are then subject to the quality of modifications to be undertaken by others. Check carefully for signs of shoddy work.

Inspect the underbody carefully. Besides rust, you should look for dents, scrapings, or mud in hard-to-reach places, all proof that the truck did hard-boiled off-road time.

Some Samurai owners swapped out the 1.3 -liter engine for the more powerful 1.6 -liter fuel-injected engine from the Sidekick. Though the swap does not require alterations to frame or figure, it is not a simple bolt-in substitution and involves several adjustments; a poor-quality swap can cause troubles down( or off) the road. Also, a Samurai with a non-stock engine may not be emissions-legal in some states, so check regulations carefully.

If you encounter a Samurai with an manual transmission, it’s a swap. All US-market Samurais came with manual transmissions.

Among the known trouble spots: Oil leaks at the distributor, leaky brake captain cylinders, bad transfer-case bushings that lock the suit in neutral, brittle plastic interior components, fiddly carburetors, and faulty engine-control modules( ECMs) on fuel-injected engines.

Suzuki Samurai Articles on Automobile

Collectible classic: 1986 -9 5 Suzuki Samurai

The hugely capable tiny off-roader of yesterday’s dreams–and today’s.

The Suzuki Jimny 4×4 Is Incredibly Awesome

Photos of the smaller, rugged, Jeep-ishly cute throwback SUV.

The Suzuki Jimny Makes for a Great Vintage Ford Bronco Clone

Japanese body kits can turn the Jimny into any one of several classic off-roaders.

Suzuki Samurai Recent Auctions

Modified 1987 Suzuki Samurai 4×4 1986 Suzuki Samurai JX 1986 Suzuki Samurai, California original 1987 Suzuki Samurai Hardtop

Suzuki Samurai Quick Facts

First time of U.S. sales: 1985( 1986 simulate time) Last-place time of U.S. sales: 1995 Total sold in U.S .: 206,419 Original price( base ): $6,550 Engine: 1.3 L SOHC I-4/ 63 -6 8 hp Typical auction rate assortment( 2020 ): $7,500 – $10,000 Characteristic feature: Tiny size, durable and capable 4×4

Suzuki Samurai FAQ Does Suzuki still construct the Samurai?

Yes, kind of. Suzuki still sells the Jimny( the Samurai’s name outside of North America) in several sells, and the 4×4 is now in its fourth generation. The Samurai name has been retired.

Is the Suzuki Samurai a good automobile?

The Samurai is an exceptionally capable off-roader that is both durable and reliable, hence its continued popularity and high resale appreciates. Nonetheless, as a daily motorist it’s slow , noisy, and not especially comfortable, with 1986 -8 8 models having a firmer ride. Though Samurai devotees will argue about the merits of the case of the Consumer Reports case, the Samurai is more prone to tipping over in sudden swervings than most 4x4s.

What times did Suzuki attain the Samurai?

Suzuki sold the Samurai in North America between late 1985 and 1995, with marketings beginning earlier in Canada and Puerto Rico. The Jimny on which the Samurai was based was originally introduced in Japan in 1970, and continues in production to this day.

Why did Suzuki stop stimulating the Samurai?

The Samurai was extraordinarily popular when it firstly came to the U.S ., but a 1988 story by Consumer Reports citing an alleged propensity to roll over killed its marketings, which slowed to a trickle and led to a 1995 withdrawal from the U.S. market. Suzuki sued in 1996, accusing CR of manipulating the test to induce a rollover; the suit was eventually determined out of court. By that time, Suzuki had brought the larger and wider Sidekick to sell, and it effectively superseded the Samurai.

The post The Suzuki Samurai: History, Generations, Models seemed first on Automobile Magazine.

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